The word Ramadan has two meanings:
Firstly it is the ninth month in the Islamic calendar (after Sha’aban
and before Shawwal), secondly it is know as the Islamic fasting month.
The Ramadan is one of the five pillars of Islam and therefore is of
integral meaning for all Muslims.
When are the festive days of Ramadan 2018?
1. Day of Ramadan: 25th of June 2018
2. Day of Ramadan: 26th of June 2018
3. Day of Ramadan: 27th of June 2018
When is Ramadan in 2018 and 2019?
Ramadan 2018: 15th of May until 14th of June
Ramadan 2019: 6th of May until 4th of June
Duration and phases of Ramadan
The Ramadan is, depending on the year, 29 or 30 days long and complies
with the position of the moon. To be more precise the ninth month of
the Islamic calendar starts exactly when the new moon is visible for
the first time and ends when the waning moon has completely
disappeared, before the next new moon is visible. For example in the
year of 2017 Ramadan takes place from 27th of May until 24th of June.
Depending on the region and traditional interpretation Ramadan might
start a day earlier or later. The most important day of Ramadan is the
so called Laylat al-Qadr (Night of the determination) in which
Mohammed has received the first revelation. But it is not clear when
exactly this day is. It is celebrated on either the 21st, 23rd, 25th,
27th or 29th day of Ramadan. The month ends on the so called Eid
al-Fitr, the first day of the new month Shawwal. It starts once the
next new moon is visible. In case it can not be seen due to the
weather Ramadan continues for very religious Muslims.
Ramadan in the Koran
In the Koran the Ramadan is mentioned in the second chapter in the
185th revelation. It says there:
The month of Ramadhan [is that] in which was revealed the Qur'an, a
guidance for the people and clear proofs of guidance and criterion. So
whoever sights [the new moon of] the month, let him fast it; and
whoever is ill or on a journey - then an equal number of other days.
Allah intends for you ease and does not intend for you hardship and [wants]
for you to complete the period and to glorify Allah for that [to]
which He has guided you; and perhaps you will be grateful.
Fasting during Ramadan
Fasting is the central tradition of Ramadan. For believers it takes
place every day from sunrise until sunset. Therefore the fasting takes
between 8 hours (if Ramadan takes place in winter) and 16 hours (if
Ramadan takes place in summer) depending on the Islamic year (which
has less days than a year has according to modern calculation of times).
The meal that the Muslims eat before sunrise is called Suhoor and the
meal they eat after sunset is called Iftar. Depending on the region
and culture you live in there are major differences between each of
the meals, partly because there is different food available in
different regions. The meaning of the word fasting grasps further for
Muslims than it does for most people. Strict fasting even means not
being allowed to drink during the day. Faithful Muslims abstain from
other parts of their daily life, too, like sexual activities and any
kind of sinful actions or sinful talking.
The sense behind the fasting
Fasting during Ramadan has multiple meanings. Besides dedication and
worship, abstaining from mundane values and belongings plays a role.
It is being talked about abstaining from mundane thinking, too.
Instead of it a time of believe is supposed to be celebrated, where
the soul is being cleaned from harmful contaminations. But that is not
everything, Muslims are supposed to learn other important things from
it, too. One of those is self-discipline. Ramadan is perfect for
practicing it. Readiness to make sacrifices and self-control are
supposed to be learned, too. Believers are supposed to practice
broad-mindedness, help for the less blessed people and general help
for other people.
When do Muslims not have to fast?
There are a few exceptions considering Muslims not having to fast. One
of them is the age: The obligation to fast starts with puberty and
ends once a person has reached a high age, depending on the personal
health. It is being said that a believer must fast as long as he is
“mentally and physically healthy”.
Besides that there are many other exception to be mentioned: Travels
where fasting is not possible, the menstruation of a woman, illness,
pregnancy and while nursing. Some Muslims decide to practice fasting
even if they are affected by one of the exceptions. This should only
be done under strict medical supervision or else severe medical
consequences may occur. For anyone , except the young and the elderly,
that was not able to participate in Ramadan there is a rule that the
days of fasting have to be caught up on.
Suhoor and Iftar
These two meals in Ramdan have different rules depending on the
culture group. For the morning meal, Suhoor, it is important to eat
before the first prayer of the day (Fajr) has been done. It is really
different what is being eaten here, but mostly Muslims eat a meal made
out of rice, fruit or another light meal. The rules for the second
meal of the day, Iftar, are mostly stricter. First of all mainly dates
are eaten and after that the fourth prayer of the day (Magrhib) is
prayed. Afterwards the main course is served. Most of the time this is
a really rich meal made out o either meat or rice accompanied with a
selection of high calorie desserts. In some culture groups those are
only prepared during Ramadan. In many regions it is a tradition that
Iftar is eaten in a big group, therefore it is often eaten with
friends or family. If this is the case the food is often served on a
big buffet, where a large selection of food is given.
Donation for people in need
The second most important part of Ramadan, donating, plays a huge role
in the Islam. It is reckoned a rule that a believer should give five
percent of his savings to those in need. Besides this
five-percent-donation (Zakāt), Muslims are asked to give more, if it
is possible for them. This extra donation is called Sadaqah.
When are the festive days of
1. Day of Ramadan: 25th of June 2017
2. Day of Ramadan: 26th of June 2017
3. Day of Ramadan: 27th of June 2017
When where the festive days of Ramadan in 2016?
Ramadan 2016: 6th of June until 5th of July
1. Day of Ramadan: 5th of July 2016
2. Day of Ramadan: 6th of July 2016
3. Day of Ramadan: 7th of July 2016
When where the festive days of Ramadan in 2015?
Ramadan 2015: 18th of June until 16th of July
1. Day of Ramadan: 17th of July 2015
2. Day of Ramadan: 18th of July 2015
3. Day of Ramadan: 19th of July 2015
When where the festive days of Ramadan in 2014?
Ramadan 2014: 28th of June until 27th of July
1. Day of Ramadan: 28th of July 2014
2. Day of Ramadan: 29th of July 2014
3. Day of Ramadan: 30th of July 2014
German visitors can also take a look at